Pair of Miniature Portraits of the Emperor Yzhu and his wife Empress Xiao De Xian of China, oils on canvas mounted on board in gilded oval frames, painted by Youqua.
Chinese, circa 1840
The Xianfeng Emperor (17 July 1831 – 22 August 1861), or by temple name Emperor Wenzong of Qing, given name Yizhu, was the eighth Emperor of the Qing dynasty, and the seventh Qing emperor to rule over China proper, reigned from 1850 to 1861. During his reign the Qing dynasty experienced several wars and rebellions including the Taiping Rebellion, Nian Rebellion, and Second Opium War (Arrow War). He was the last Chinese emperor to have total executive ruling power. After his death, the Qing dynasty was controlled by Empress Dowager Cixi.
Youqua flouished between 1840 and 1870 painting views, portraits and souvenirs for foreigners involved in the china trade Crossman calls Youqua "...unquestionably the finest painter of this period on a grand scale" (The Decorative Arts of The China Trade, p. 138).
Ref No.: 101684
Year: circa 1840
26 cms High (10.1 inches)
21 cms Wide (8.2 inches)